Bihar gets its name from ‘Vihara’ or Buddhist Monastery, as this is the land from where the great religion of Buddhism started and spread all over the world. The State has a very ancient, glorious and colorful history. Some of the great rulers and dynasties which held sway over the region before the Christian era, includes Bimbisara; Udayin, founder of the city of Pataliputra; Chandragupta Maurya and Ashoka of the Mauryan dynasty; the Sungas, Kanvas and Kushans followed by Chandragupta Vikramaditya of Gupta Dynasty. In the medieval times it came under the Muslim rulers and finally the State was under the rule of Britishes. Great religions flourished here and the most kind and progressive religious teachers like Buddha, Mahavir and Guru Govind Singh are associated with this sacred land. It was also an significant centre of learning, where students from all over the world came to study.
Bihar is bordered on the north by Nepal, on the east by West Bengal, on west by Uttar Pradesh and on the south by Jharkhand. The state is watered by number of rivers, the most important of which is the Ganga that cuts across from west to east. Ganga had made the region so prolific and plentiful that its natural opulence nurtured a absolute fountainhead of political and cultural civilization down the millennia. And, the unbelievable range and quantity of mineral wealth buried under the region certainly helped. The State also contributed immensely in the freedom movement of India and a number of revolutions took place here.
Main languages: Hindi, Urdu, Bhojpuri, English
When to go: October to March
Getting There & Away: How to reach Bihar
Road: Bihar is served by 29 National Highways with a length of 4,600 kms out of which the significant are NH-2 connecting Uttar Pradesh and Jharkhand, NH-19 and NH-28 connects with Uttar Pradesh, NH-31 links Bihar with West Bengal. NH-57 stretching from Muzaffarpur to Purnia, NH-82 from Gaya to Mokameh, NH-83 from Patna to Dobhi, and NH-84 from Arrah to Buxar are few significant National Highways covering Bihar. Apart from this, 4,250 kms of State Highways has well connected the entire State with the rest of India.
Rail: Bihar is also well connected with Railways. Important railway stations in Bihar are Patna, Hajipur, Muzaffarpur, Deoghar, Gaya, Bakhtiyarpur and Rajgir.
Air: Bihar is having three active Airports in Patna, Gaya and Purnia.