The name Haryana literally meaning the ‘Home to Gods’ is made up of two Sanskrit words – ‘Hari’ meaning God and ‘Ayana’ meaning ‘Home’. Also referred as the ‘heaven on the earth’ in the ancient Sanskrit inscriptions, the State is today regarded as the ‘Green Land of India’ for its rapid progress in the field of agriculture although it lacks any perennial river. Haryana has a proud history going back to the Vedic age. The State was the kingdom of the legendary King Bharat of Bharata dynasty which has given the name ‘Bharat’ to India. Haryana has been immortalized in the great epic Mahabharata. Kurukshetra, where the epic battle between the Kauravas and the Pandavas took place. The State continued to play a leading role in the history of India till the advent of the Muslims and the rise of Delhi as the imperial capital of India. Haryana has an agriculture based economy and is also known for its very sound industrial base.
Main languages: Hindi, Haryanvi, Punjabi, English
When to go: October to March
Getting There & Away: How to reach Haryana
Road: NH-1 connecting Delhi to Indo-Pak Border at Amritsar via Sonipat-Kurukshetra-Ambala; NH-2 between Delhi and Agra via Faridabad; NH-8 connecting Delhi and Mumbai passes through Haryana; NH-10 connecting Delhi to Rohtak, Hisar and Sirsa; NH-709 starts from Rohtak and ends at Panipat; NH-907 starts from Paonta Sahib (Himachal) and ends at Yamuna Nagar (Haryana).
Rail: Major railway stations connecting to the rest of India are Faridabad, Rewari Junction, Ambala Cantt., Panipat, Kurukshetra and Chandigarh.
Air: Indira Gandhi International Airport at Delhi; Chandigarh International Airport at Chandigarh.