Odisha, the terrestrial of Odias, earlier known as Kalinga, lies on the eastern coast of India along the Bay of Bengal. The name was officially changed from Orissa to Odisha on 04th November 2011. It is also mentioned as Utkal in India’s National Anthem. This great historical land is known for the Kalinga war which Ashoka (273-232 B.C.). But the plunders of war changed the heart of Ashoka and turned him towards the compassionate teachings of Lord Buddha. Odisha is a kaleidoscope of past splendors and contemporary expression. It is India in essence, right down to her roots. Blessed with the nature’s bounty, the land is dotted with fertile plains, towering mountains, gorgeous beaches and mighty rivers with magnificent waterfalls. The Sun Temple at Konark, north of Puri is in itself reason enough for a trip of India like the Taj Mahal at Agra or the Kailasa temple at Ellora.
The divine city of Puri is known for Lord Jagannath’s temple, one of India’s four holiest places - “Chaar Dham” and many more prehistoric Hindu and Jain temples. Great traditional dances and music, handicrafts, temple architecture and sculptures, the colourful hospitable people and above all the excitement of modern India’s technological achievements in the form of Hirakud Dam and Raurkela Steel Plant are the part of Odisha’s resplendent blend of past and present. Chandipur-at-sea, the missile testing range is also situated in Odisha.
Main languages: Odia, Hindi, Urdu, Bengali, English
When to go: October to March
Getting There & Away: How to reach Odisha
Road: National Highway-6 (known as Mumbai Road) connects the state with Chattisgarh, Jharkhand and West Bengal. NH-16 joins West Bengal, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu. NH-26 connects Raipur (Chattisgarh) with Vizianagaram (Andhra Pradesh) via Odisha. NH-60 links the state with West Bengal. NH-203A connects Puri and Satpada. NH-353 connects Odisha with Chattisgarh.
Rail: Bhubaneswar, Cuttack, Puri, Bhadrak, Jajpur, Keonjhar, Brahmapur, Angul, Sambalpur, Balangir, Raygada and Titlagarh are important junctions of East Coast Railway Line spread in Odisha.
Air: Biju Patnaik International Airport at Bhubaneswar is the most important one. Balasore Airport, Berhampur Airport Jharsugra Airport etc are few among operative domestic Air bases.