Pulsating Punjab, the land of five rivers – Ravi, Satluj, Chenab, Beas and Jhelum, is one of the most beautiful and prosperous states of India. Agriculture is the mainstay of Punjab’s economy with its highly fertile soil watered by an extensive canal system, has earned the epitaph of the ‘granary of India’. This ancient land of the Vedas, Indus Valley civilization, Taxila University, land of milk and honey, precious arts and artifacts, rich agriculture, vibrant hospitable and brave people was subjected to repeated onslaughts from the Persians, Mauryans, Scythians, Parthians, Kushans and then the Mughals.
15th and 16th centuries mark a period of watershed in the history of Punjab. Through the teachings of Guru Nanak, Bhakti movement received a great impetus. Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Sikh Guru transformed Sikhs into a combat group, ‘Khalsa’, to challenge the tyranny of the Mughals. The State has also made great contribution to the India’s struggle for independence. Punjab faced the holocaust of partition after India’s independence, but the enterprising and industrious people of the state bounced back and it has become one of the most affluent States of the country. Today, it is synonymous with high spirits, prosperity and passionate involvement with life itself. Punjab’s role in the field of agriculture, industrial development, different sports and armed forces has been unique and unparallel.
Main languages: Punjabi, Hindi, English
When to go: October to March
Getting There & Away: How to reach Punjab
Road: 1729 kms of National Highways, 1485 kms of State Highways and their tributaries runs through the state, connecting even the remotest villages. The Grand Trunk Road, popularly known as the NH-1 links Punjab with most of the places in northern as well as eastern India.
Rail: Punjab has an extensive railway network, connecting it with the different corners of India. Major railway stations in Punjab are Chandigarh, Ludhiana, Jalandhar, Amritsar and Pathankot.
Air: The important airports include Amritsar, Chandigarh and Ludhiana. Amritsar and Chandigarh are the two international airports in the state connecting to the rest of the world. Ludhiana has domestic airport with several filghts connected to all major cities of India.