Alluring Assam, the “Home of the Son of Lord Brahma or Brahma-putra” is a land full of myths, mysteries, lore and legends. This sentinel of the North-east India is joined to the mainland by a narrow strip of land and remained isolated from the mainstream of Indian history for centuries. Ahoms ruled this region for over six centuries from 13th centuries onward and repulsed invasions by the Mughals and Bengal Sultans. With the waning of Ahom power, the Burmese overran the entire territory, but ceded to the British in 1862. In 1874, a separate province of Assam was created with Shillong as its capital. The state is endowed with stunning scenic beauty and is dominated by the mighty Brahmaputra river. Most of the valley area is under cultivation and rice is the principle food crop of Assam. The cash crops grown here are jute, tea, cotton, oil seeds, sugarcane etc.

Assam is also dotted with oil fields and it produces about one sixth of India’s petroleum and natural gas. Digboi in upper half of the State was the first oil refinery in Asia. Large tracts of the State are occupied by lush forests, making it one of the most forested States of India. It is also the largest producer of timber in the country. The forests are home to rich variety of flora and fauna, the most popular inhabitant of its jungles is the rare one–horned rhinoceros. Assam is also known for its exquisite handicrafts made from cane, bamboo and brass as well as silk, which is weaved in almost every household.

Fast Facts

Capital: Dispur

Main languages: Assamese, Bodo, Bengali, Hindi, English

When to go: October to March

Getting There & Away: How to reach Assam

Road: Assam comprises of approximately 40,342 kms of road network including 2,841 km of national highway. NH-31 & NH-31C connects West Bengal, NH-37 connects Manipur, NH-40 links with Meghalaya, NH-61 with Nagaland and NH-13 connects Arunachal Pradesh. NH-38 is entirely within the state. NH-306, NH-415 and NH-515 are other important National Highways passing through the state.

Rail: Important railway stations of Assam are Guwahati, Kokrajhar, New Bongaigaon, Dibrugarh, New Tinsukia Junction and Goalpara Town.

Air: Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport at Guwahati is the busiest Airbase of the State. Dibrugarh Airport, Silchar Airport and Jorhat Airport are other domestic Airports.

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